Tengchong has long been known as a natural geological museum and is one of the most famous areas with crowded volcanoes, a National Geological park. Tengchong volcanoes rank first in China in terms of their variety, size, good preservation and compact distribution. It has 97 dormant volcanoes and among them, 23 craters remain intact. Around the craters is a combination of scabland, volcanic cinder and volcanic flow, forming a wonderful view- the cluster of volcanoes in Tengchong. The Tengchong Basin is surrounded by a group of young dormant volcanoes, of which the most famous are Mount Dayinshan, Mount Dakongshan and Mount Xiaokongshan, etc.
Located on the west bank of Nujiang River in the west of Yunnan Province, Gaoligong Mountain National Nature Reserve is characterized by its natural landscape of biological and climate vertical belts, various types of vegetation, and a great variety of plants and animals. Covering a total area of 120,000 hectares with forest coverage of 85%, it is known as “Alpine Botanical Garden”. The reserve is a long corridor for the animals and plants of the south and north in the world to meet and the birthplace of differentiation of mammal forebears, it is called “Gene Data Base of Species of the World”. Climbing up Gaoligong Mountain is a very challenging trip with much value of tourism.
The Dieshuihe Waterfall, with a height of 46 meters, lies 1 kilometer west of Tengchong County in Yunnan Province. Water of Dayingjiang River flows across Tengchong Bazi from north to south and suddenly falls down from the huge fault cliff, forming the grand waterfalls. The waterfall is a rare natural urban waterfall in China and a rare volcanic waterfall in the world as well. Wonderful volcanic pole-shaped joints lined up on the steep cliffs of its two sides. The waterfall looks majestic and imposing.
The Beihai Wetland Nature Reserve, 12.5 kilometer northwest of the Tengchong county town, covers an area of 16.29 square kilometers. Surrounded by mountains, the wetland at a special geographical location was created by a dammed lake after volcanic eruptions about 600,000 years ago, featuring with a complex biological diversity and full of vitality. Large areas of land float on the surface of the water, looking like a large colorful carpet. Only you are in Beihai Wetland you will know how wonderful and gorgeous the nature is.
Every year between April and May, the orchids of Beihai are in full bloom and all the mountains seem to be covered by a huge colorful flower carpet. It is the most beautiful period of this scenic area.
Located at Ruidian Township, 50 kilometers northwest of Tengchong County, Yunfeng Mountain is a famous Taoist mountain and enjoys great popularity in the western part of Yunnan and the north of Burma. It is named Yunfeng because the mountain is often veiled in mist and clouds (Yun means clouds). Seen from a distance, the mountain looks like a jade bamboo shoot towering to the sky. The landscape here is of typical granite landform of Yunnan.
Yunfeng Mountain, with its main peak of 2,445 meters above the sea level, is famed for its precipitous peaks and sheer ravines. The three-turn ladder with 1,000 steps leads people to the top of the mountain. The steepest place, consisting of 43 steps, is almost vertical and is less than 0.33 meter wide, with bottomless ravines on both sides. So you have to grasp the iron chain and face the cliff closely when going up. On its top is the Yunfeng Temple built in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).