Nanchang, the capital of Jiangxi Province, was built in the Western Han Dynasty 2,200 years ago. On August 1st, 1927, the Communist Party of China led an armed uprising in Nanchang and founded its own army. Nanchang is well-known in China not only as a city of heroes, but also for its historical buildings, beautiful environment, timeless temples and interesting museums.
Pavilion of Prince Teng (Tengwang Pavilion)
The Pavilion of Prince Teng (or Tengwang Pavilion), located in the north west of Nanchang, on the east bank of the Gan River, is the landmark of Nanchang and probably the most famous building in the city. The Pavilion of Prince Teng is also the only existing royal architecture in southern China. Along with the Yellow Crane Tower in Hubei Province and the Yueyang Tower in Hunan Province, the Pavilion of Prince Teng is one of the three most famous towers south of the Yangtze River.
The Pavilion of Prince Teng was first built in 653 AD, by Li Yuanying, or the Prince Teng, the younger brother of Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty, hence the name. What made the Pavilion of Prince Teng a household name in China down to the present day is a piece of prose Preface to the Pavilion of Prince Teng”, written by Wang Bo (650-676), a famous poet of the Tang Dynasty. Tengwang Pavilion has been destroyed and rebuilt 29 times over its history. The present pavilion was built according to the design of the famous architect Liang Sicheng, and was completed on 8 October 1989. Now, the pavilion is 57.5-meter-high, with nine floors in total. Its main architectural structure is in Song dynasty wooden style, showing the magnificence of the pavilion.
The Meiling Mountain, located in the west suburb of Nanchang, by the bank of Poyang Lake, is famous for its sheer peaks, grotesque rocks, cascading waterfalls and clear lakes. There are more than 100 peaks in Meiling, and each peak has its own characteristics. Meiling is regarded as the cradle-land of Jingming Taoism and boasts a number of Buddhist and Taoist temples. With its forest coverage up to 67%, Meiling Mountain, also known as the Small Lushan Mountain, is an attractive destination in the hot summer months when the area is scorching.
Anyi Ancient Village
The ancient village group of Anyi, famous for its well-preserved architecture, is composed of three separate ancient villages of Luotian, Shuinan and Jingtai, each village is about one kilometer away. Until now, more than 120 ancient houses of the Ming and Qing dynasties have been preserved. The buildings are mainly built of brick, either brown or grey, with white mortar holding the walls together, while typical black tiles are used for the roofing. You can also see ancient archways, ancient gatehouses, lanes, wells, and old trees everywhere, telling you the stories of the past.
The Poyang Lake is China’s largest freshwater lake, and its area is the second largest to the Qinghai Lake in China. Poyang Lake is rich in aquatic plants which creates a paradise for many rare birds. During the winter, the lake becomes home to a large number of migrating Siberian Cranes, with over 90% of the birds spending winter there.
Memorial Hall of August 1st Nanchang Uprising
The memorial hall, located on the west end of Zhongshan Road in Nanchang, is a five-storied grey brick-and-wood building constructed in 1922. The planar shape of the building is like the Chinese character “中”, and the building used to be the Grand Hostel of Jiangxi. In late July 1927, the Front Line Committee for the Armed Uprising in Nanchang city, with Zhou Enlai as the secretary, rented the Grand Hostel as its headquarter, and it was here that the plan of the uprising was discussed. The Nanchang Uprising took place at 2am on August 1, 1927, and August 1 was later regarded as the anniversary of the founding of the People’s Liberation Army. In front of the memorial there are 5 statues which are the leading leaders of the uprising: Zhou Enlai, He Long, Zhu De, Ye Ting, and Liu Bocheng.
Bada Shanren Memorial Hall
The Bada Shanren Memorial Hall on the southern suburbs of Nanchang is located in the beautiful compound of Qingyunpu. The predecessor of Qingyunpu was a Taoist temple, and it obtained the present name in 1661 when Bada Shanren went to live there. The secular name of Bada Shanren is Zhu Da (1626-1705), the 9th-generation descendant of Zhu Quan (the 16th son of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang, the first Emperor of the Ming Dynasty). Bada Shanren, devoting all his life to painting, calligraphy and poetry, takes an important place in the history of fine art in China. The memorial is established in 1959 to display his classic works. In 1985, Bada Shanren was regarded as top 10 cultural celebrities by the UNESCO.
The Buddhist pagoda, located on Shengjin Street, was built during the Tianyou Period (904-907) of the Tang Dynasty. It is said that an iron box was dug up while the pagoda was being built. Inside the box, there were four bundles of gold rope, three ancient swords and a golden bottle containing 300 sariras, hence the name Shengjin Pagoda (literally Rope and Gold Pagoda). The pagoda, made of bricks and woods in classical Jiangnan architecture style, is 50.86 meters high, with seven floors and eight sides. It is the highest ancient building in Nanchang City. Standing on top of the pagoda, you can get a panoramic view of the city.
Commonly known as Waterside Guanyin Pavilion, the building on the shore of South Lake is an ancient cultural site in Nanchang. According to historical records, the building was first built in the Tang Dynasty. In the middle of the Ming Dynasty, it became the private residence of Zhu Chenhao, the Prince of Ning, who built the dressing table here for his wife. Many artists and painters lived or worked in this building in history.
The Youmin (Blessing the People) Temple is a quiet little temple located on Minde Road in Nanchang, just east of the beautiful Nanhu Lake, and north of Bayi Park. This Buddhist temple was built in 503 in the Liang Dynasty of the Southern Dynasties. In the 8th century, it became home to Mazu Daoyi, perhaps the second-greatest Chan (Zen) Master after Huineng, the Sixth Patriarch. This temple is very famous in Southern Asia. The bronze Buddha statue in its main hall is 9.8 meters high and weighs 18 tons.
The Tianxiang Garden, occupying an area of 10 hectares, is a Sino-EU joint research center of birds in a natural environment. More than 60,000 birds of 32 rare species live in this garden. The number sometimes reaches as large as 100,000. Such a large number of wild birds living in the urban area can hardly be found in any other city in the world. The egret community is especially large, and the UNESCO appraised the garden the “Kingdom of Egret”.