Located in the northern part of the Pearl River, 20 kilometers (12 miles) from Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, the city of Foshan is a famous national historical city and a window on the history and culture of the Lingnan Region. It is the birthplace of the Yuejue Opera and home to many famous martial art practitioners and artists. Food, porcelain ware and handicrafts from Foshan are famous too. The Ancestral Temple of Foshan is a key historical site. Liangyuan Garden in Foshan is one of the four greatest ancient gardens in the Lingnan Region. Paper cuts and woodcuts from Foshan, porcelain figurines from Shiwan, cloth lion heads and wood cake moulds are well known in China for their meticulous making and exquisite forms.
Shenzhen, situated immediately north of Hong Kong, is the oldest special economic zone in China. This emerging city is clean, neat and beautiful with lush plants all year round. Shenzhen lacks natural scenic spots, but the man-made theme parks are very attractive, including the “Splendid China”, “Chinese Folklore Culture Village”, “Window of the World” and “Happy Valley”.
One of the special economic zones in China, Zhuhai faces Hong Kong in the east across the sea and joins Macau in the south, about 140 km southwest of Guangzhou. This new seaside city is famous for its clean environment and fresh air. It was once assessed by the United Nations as the“best city for human living”. There are 146 islands off its long seashore. Among the best known ones are Dong’ao Island, Outer Lingding Island, Jiuzhou Island and Qi’ao Island. The most favored tourist spots in downtown Zhuhai are the Fisher Girl Statue, the symbol of Zhuhai, and Meixi Memorial Archway.
Zhongshan borders Guangzhou on the north and is adjacent to Hong Kong and Macao. It was called Xiangshan in ancient times. Legend has it that 1,300 years ago, flowers on Wugui Mountain in Zhongshan emitted a pleasant aroma all the time. Thus Zhongshan was called Xiangshan (Fragrant Mountain). The place was renamed Zhongshan County in memory of Dr. Sun Yat-sen who was also known as Sun Zhongshan, a great pioneer of revolution in the modern history of China. Many overseas Chinese have their roots in Zhongshan.
Zhongshan boasts many scenic spots and historical sites, including the former residence of Sun Yat-sen, and many hot springs. Zhongshan is abundant in seafood. Local culinary culture is well represented by many varieties of food and snacks. Famous dishes include “Shiqi Squab” and “Pepper-salt Water Snake”.
Zhaoqing is located 110 km (68 mi) northwest of Guangzhou. With a history of 2,200 years, has been a place to blend the Central Plain culture and the Lingnan Region culture since ancient times. Residents from Guangzhou, Shenzhen and other nearby cities, as well as people from Hong Kong and Macau, are known to visit the city on weekend getaways and excursions. Famous scenic spots of the Seven Star Crags and Dinghu Mountain are found in the urban area. Tourist attractions on the outskirts include the Dragon Mother Temple of Yuecheng in Deqing County, Longshan Mountain in Fengkai County, Swallow Rock in Huaji County, Bamboo Sea in Guangning County, Zhenshan Mountain in Sihui City, and Yanzhou Shoal and Jiulong Lake in Dinghu District.
With the reputation of Ink Slab Capital of China, Zhaoqing is also very famous for its ink slabs (popularly known as Duan Ink Slabs), which were tributes for emperors since Tang Dynasty. The other special local products such as Deqing tuber of multi-flower knotweed, edible bird’s nest, and sandalwood fans are all much loved by tourists.
Located the central south of Guangdong Province, Dongguan is about 50 kilometers (about 31 miles) south of Guangzhou, and 90 kilometers (about 56 miles) north of Shenzhen. This city is named Dongguan because it lies to the east of Guangzhou and is rich in long-stem water grass. In Chinese Dong means east and Guan means the long-stem water grass. Since China adopted the policy of reform and opening to the outside world, Dongguan has developed from an agricultural county into a famous manufacturing city in the world. The new city today has many tourist attractions, including the Opium War Museum, Humen Bridge, Keyuan Museum, and Guanhe Museum.
Qingyuan borders with Guangzhou and Foshan to the south and links Zhaoqing in the west and southwest. Qingyuan has been known as the rear garden in the Pearl River Delta since ancient times. Its unique geographical location and landforms provide a large number of tourist attractions. The Qingxin Hot Spring Tourism and Holiday Resort, Yingxi Corridor of Mountain Peaks known as “Lesser Guilin”, waterfalls in Daxu Mountain, villages inhabited by the Yao minority people and an underground canal are all worthy for visits.