Tibet, the Roof of the World, is the highest region on Earth, with an average elevation of over 4,000 meters. Located in a plateau north of the Himalayas, it is a mysterious and exotic place. With its majestic scenery and mysterious religious culture, Tibet is a dream of tourists and the paradise of pilgrims.
Standing on the Red Hill in Lhasa, Potala Palace is the masterpiece of Tibetan buildings, as well as the landmark of Lhasa. With more than a thousand rooms, the palace covers an area of over 360,000 square meters. Its 13-story main building is 115 meters high and is composed of the Red and White palaces. Standing at an altitude of 3,700 meters, it is the highest and the largest palace complex in the world. Over the past three centuries, the palace gradually became a place where the Dalai Lama lives and works and a place for keeping the remains of Dalai Lamas.
Mount Everest (Mount Qomolangma)
Located in bordering areas with Nepal in Tingri County, Mount Everest (also Mount Qomolangma) is the highest mountain in the world. The 8,844.43 meters (29,028 feet) high peak, snow capped throughout the year, has been a holy climbing attraction for world’s mountaineers. More and more mountaineers start from the Everest Base Camp trying to conquer the world’s highest peak while tourists trek to the foot of the peak to enjoy its beauty. In the area of 5,000 sq km around the mountain, there are 4 peaks being more than 8,000 meters high and 38 peaks being more than 7,000 meters high.
Jokhang Temple is located on Barkhor Square in Lhasa. Its four-story main building demonstrates a combination of the Han, Tibetan, Indian and Nepalese architectural styles, as well as a mandala world outlook of Buddhism. The temple houses a statue of Jowo Rinpoche, representing the Buddha at age of 12. Jokhang Temple is the holiest of all Tibetan religious sites. A palpable sense of reverence accompanies a visit here. You will see the pilgrims constantly prostrate themselves in the dust outside the temple; others continuously turn their prayer wheels and chant mantras.
At an altitude of 4,718 meters, Namtso (or Lake Nam) is famous for its high altitude and imposing scenery. It is the highest elevation lake in the world, as well as the second lagoon in China. In Tibetan, Namtso means “Heavenly Lake.” Some 60 km to the northwest of Damxung County seat, it is one of the three holy lakes in Tibet and receives high respects among the local people. In the Tibetan year of sheep, pilgrims from faraway come here to walk around the lake. It takes more than 10 days to circle the lake once.
Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon
The Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon originates near Mount Kailash. Before reaching the juncture of Mainling and Medog counties, it swerves around Mount Namcha Barwa, the highest peak in the eastern section of the Himalayas, carving a U-shaped gorge. With an average elevation of over 3,000 meters, the Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon is one of the longest and deepest canyons in the world. Undulating 496.3 km long with downcutting reaching 5,382 meters, it is longer than the Colorado Canyon (440 km long) in the United States and deeper than the Colca Canyon (3,200 meters deep) in Peru.
Ruins of Guge Kingdom
Now in present-day Zanda County in western Tibet, Guge was an ancient kingdom founded around the 10th century. It flourished for more than 700 years before encountering civil strife and foreign attacks and falling into disrepair. Now, you can see its ruins of temples and palaces, whose inscriptions, statues and murals still remain intact. The destroyed city walls and the natural earthen forests exist harmoniously. More than 400 houses and 800 caves scatter on the 300-meter-high mountain slope.
Located in Yupu Township, Bome County, Midui Glacier was ranked as one of the top six most beautiful glaciers in China by China National Geography Magazine. The main peak of Midui Glacier is 6,800 meters above sea level; the snowline is 4,600 meters above sea level; and the glacier’s end is 2,400 meters above sea level. The lower section of the glacier goes through the mixed zones of coniferous and broadleaved forests. It is the most important marine-type glacier in Tibet, and the glacier with the lowest elevation in the world.
Located at the foot of the Nyima Mountain on the outskirts of Xigaze, the Tashilhunpo Monastery is one of the Big Six Monasteries of the Gelug sect of Buddhism in Tibet. The monastery was built in 1447 by the First Dalai Lama. It was expanded by the Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Panchen Lamas, and has become the place of the reincarnation of the Panchen Lamas. The monastery houses the 22.4-meter-high gilded bronze statue of Qiangba Buddha, the tallest of its kind in the world.
Barkhor is a small neighborhood of ancient streets and a public square surrounding Jokhang Temple in the old area of Lhasa. As the oldest street in Lhasa, it appeared about 1,300 years ago after Jokhang Temple was built in 647, attracting thousands of Buddhist pilgrims. The street is full of religious atmosphere and show the original Lhasa. Shops offer prayer wheels, chubas (traditional Tibetan clothing), Tibetan knives and religious articles for sale. At night, Barkor Street is very enchanting when the lights are lit up.
Surrounded by the glaciers, lush primeval forest and snow-capped mountains, Yambajan is located at an altitude between 4,290 m (14,100 ft) and 4,500 m (15,000 ft) in the basin at the foot of Nyainqentanglha Mountains to the northwest of Lhasa. Yambajan is world-famous for its spectacular phenomenon of hot springs boiling on the cold plateau. It features all kinds of hot springs including highest-temperature hot springs, boiling springs and geysers as well as common hot springs. The hot springs in Yambajan contain various minerals and are believed to be therapeutic.