The Great Wall at Badaling
Located in Yanqing County, the Great Wall at Badaling is among the best preserved stretches of the wall. Badaling is actually a pass, an outer town of Juyong Pass. The Badaling pass tower was first constructed in 1505 in the Ming Dyansty, with East and West gates. Four Chinese characters, reading the “Outer Town of Juyong Pass”, is above the East Gate; and above the West Gate are another four characters, reading “ the key to the north gate of Beijing”. Badaling means “giving access to every direction”, the name itself suggests its strategic importance.
The Badaling section of the Great Wall lies among the undulating high mountains, and is one of the most imposing stretches. With the Earthen Tower as the center, this section is totallly 4,770 meters from south to north, of which over 3,700 meters for sightseeing. In 1995 nearly 2,000 meters of the Badaling section were developed for tourists to visit at night.
1. Take tour train No. Y563 or Y565 at the Beijing North Railway Station and get off at the Badaling Station, and then walk for 15 minutes to get there.
2. You may take a long-distance bus to Badaling at the Deshengmen Long-distance Bus Station, which runs from 07:00 in the morning, with an interval of 30 minutes. The time when the buses start to leave Badaling for the city proper will be around 13:00.
3. You can also take bus No. 919 from Deshengmen to Badaling Hot Spring Holiday Resort to go to the Great Wall at Badaling. 4. It is very convenient and quick for you to go from Madian Bridge to Badaling by car through Badaling Expressway.
The Great Wall at Juyong Pass
Standing in Guangou Gorge northwest of Nankou Town in Changping District, Juyong Pass is one of the famous fortifications along the Great Wall. As one of the three most famous passes on the Great Wall and the northern gate of Beijing, Juyong Pass enjoys a reputation of being the “most impregnable pass on the Great Wall”. An old saying goes: “When one defends the pass, 10,000 soldiers can not pass”.
The name of the pass expresses the meaning “letting laborers move from the other places to Juyongguan and settle down here”, because when Emperor Qin Shihuang, the first emperor of Qin Dynasty, started the construction of the Great Wall, numerous soldiers, prisoners and poor people were forced to move here. The existing pass tower was first constructed in 1368 in the Ming Dynasty. Later it was renovated many times. In the late of the Qing Dynasty, the Juyong Pass was gradually neglected and ruined. Now the Great Wall at Juyong Pass was renovated on the basis of the Great Wall built in Ming Dynasty.
Take public bus No. 919 or 969 to get there directly, or take the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Train at the Beijing North Railway Station and get off at the Juyongguan Station; or drive along the Beijing-Lhasa Freeway from Madian Bridge to get there directly.