Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu Province, is one of the key higher education and research bases in China. The city’s rich cultural accumulations lay the foundation for the educational and technological achievements of Nanjing.
Nanjing Museum is a large comprehensive museum of history and art, and it is the first large national comprehensive museum in China. Its predecessor was the Preparatory Office of the National Central Museum, founded by Mr. Cai Yuanpei in 1933. Nanjing Museum has more than 400,000 collections of various kinds, including over 1,000 national first-class cultural relics and over 10 national cultural relics. The archaeological items, the cultural relics of various ethnic minorities and from foreign countries, the palace artifacts, the documents of the Qing Dynasty, and cultural relics of the Japanese surrender ceremony which officially ended World War Ⅱ, are all unique in China and have very high historical and scientific value.
Purple Mountain Observatory (Zijinshan Astronomical Observatory)
The Purple Mountain Observatory, also known as Zijinshan Astronomical Observatory, is located on the Purple Mountain in Nanjing. Founded in 1928, it is China’s first modern astronomical institute, and one of the most famous observatories in China. The Purple Mountain Observatory is known as the “cradle of modern Chinese astronomy”; its establishment marked the beginning of modern astronomy study in China.
Nanjing Paleontology Museum
Currently, the Museum of Paleontology in Nanjing is the world’s largest professional museum of paleontology. It provides a platform for exhibition, collection, study and education, aiming to show the mysteries of fossils and a diversity of paleontology. The Nanjing Paleontology Museum has a huge range of collections and exquisite exhibits. In particular, the “Chengjiang Fauna” and “Jehol Biota” fossil specimens which include the “Sinosauropteryx” are extremely precious treasures in the world of fossils. Because of its scientific, informative, entertaining characters and refined taste, the museum has attracted lots of domestic and foreign visitors.
Nanjing Science and Technology Museum
There is one very novel and peculiar building in the southwestern corner of the ancient city of Nanjing. Seen from afar, it looks like a huge oval UFO floating by the beautiful lakeside. This is Nanjing Science & Technology Museum, the largest venue dedicated to the popularization of scientific knowledge in Jiangsu Province. It covers a total area of 300,000 square meters, with a main building area of 34,000 square meters. The museum provides a place for the young to learn about the wonders of science.
Nanjing Library, with a long history and a profound cultural connotation, is the provincial public library of Jiangsu Province and a state-level library. Its predecessors include Jiangnan Library founded in 1907, and the Central Library established by the National Government in 1933. In 1954, it was formally renamed “Nanjing Library”. The new Nanjing Library has become a cultural benchmark of Jiangsu Province.
The predecessor of Nanjing University was Sanjiang Normal School, which was founded in 1902. It was formally renamed “Nanjing University” in 1950. Nanjing University is a prestigious university with a history of over a century. At present, it has three campuses – Gulou, Pukou and Xianlin.
Southeast University is one of the “eight major architecture universities” in China, and a comprehensive key university directly under the Ministry of Education. Its history can be dated back to 1902. In 2000, the former Southeast University, the Nanjing Railway Medical College which was founded in 1958, and a number of other universities were merged into “Southeast University”.
Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall
In 1937, Japanese soldiers killed more than 300,000 innocent Chinese after capturing Nanjing. The Memorial Hall of the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre was built on the ruins of a burial ground for over 10,000 people (called a “pit of ten thousand corpses”) near Jiangdong Gate, to remember this terrible period of history and to educate people through history. It is a “national patriotism education demonstration base” in China. Scenes of the massacre are shown by means of historical data, cultural relics, buildings, sculptures, film and television.