Nanjing Yunjin (Nanjing Cloud Brocade)
With a history of more than 1,500 years, Nanjing Yunjin is a kind of brocade specially made of silk. Integrating the essence of weaving skills from past dynasties, Nanjing Yunjin is famous for its colored silk that looks like rosy clouds, and is the best brocade among the three famous Chinese brocades of ancient times. Yunjing was very popular in the Ming and Qing dynasties, and was offered exclusively as a tribute to the royal family. It has been used for clothes and as official rewards. Yunjin weaving skills in Nanjing are so specialized that it cannot be replicated by any machine. You can visit Nanjing Yunjin Museum for further information about Yunjin.
Information about Nanjing Yunjing Musuem:
The Nanjing Yunjing Musuem is located at No. 240 East Chating Street, Jianye District in Nanjing. It is a unique museum specializing in Yunjin brocade. The exhibition hall of the museum covers an area of more than 4,300 square meters. The first floor offers Yunjin brocades for sale and there is also a Yunjin costume show. The north side of the second floor is a display area for the large wooden looms, delicate copies of ancient silk and genuine Yunjin brocades. The third floor is Chinese Brocade Village. The fourth floor is an area for displaying traditional Yunjin weaving skills.
Yuhua Stone (Rain Flower Pebble)
Yuhua stone or pebble (Rain Flower Pebble), regarded as a “National Treasure”, is a kind of colorful, round crystal agate. It is also known as aragonite, ornamental stone and lucky stone. Yuhua stone comes from the scenic Liuhe District of Nanjing which lies along the Yangtze River. It has gone through three long and complicated stages before it is formed: primarily formation, secondary transport and gravel deposition, after which the Yuhua stone looks great in terms of quality, shape, pattern and color. Yuhua stone has become very popular for its exquisite crystal texture, natural pattern, magnificent color and poetic image. It was reputed as “The Most Lucky Stone” by the International Olympic Committee.
Nanjing Salted Duck
Boiled Salted Duck, also known as “Osmanthus Fragrant Duck”, is a traditional braised duck specialty in Nanjing and well known for its tender and delicious meat. With a long history, the Boiled Salted Duck dates back to the beginning of the Ming Dynasty and became popular throughout Nanjing in the Qing Dynasty, thus gradually becoming a specialty of Nanjing.
Yuhua tea of Nanjing is one of the ten famous teas in China and is mainly produced in the outlying areas of Nanjing. It is green and round with straight lines and tender leaf buds. Yuhua tea is strictly collected and made in terms of raw material and operating techniques. The lead buds of about 2.5 to 3 cm in length should be picked before Guyu (literally Grain Rain), which usually begins around April 20 and ends around May 5. It should go through processes like drying, crushing, shaping and baking, and all the four processes should be carried out by hand.
Jinling Gold Leaf (Nanjing Gold Leaf)
Jinling Gold Leaf (also called Nanjing Gold Leaf) is a traditional Chinese craft that enjoys a long history. It dates back to the Southern Dynasties and has been extensively produced since the Yuan Dynasty. Gold Leaf is a very demanding product to manufacture because of its unique production process. It is still made by hand, by hammering gold into thin slice of less than 0.1μm. Gold Leaf has been used in architectural decoration, on Buddhist statues and even in rare Chinese patent medicines. Gold leaf products are available in Longtan Town in eastern Nanjing and in Huayuan Township in Jiangning District of Nanjing.