It is a comprehensive museum of Yunnan built in 1951. The museum has collected more than 156,000 relics, including bronze wares, ancient coins, porcelain wares, old paintings and calligraphic works, rubbings, stamps and various kinds of handicrafts, the most in Yunnan. The bronze ox-tiger table excavated at Lijiashan, Jiangchuan, the golden standing statue of Avalokitesvara of Dali State unearthed from the Chongsheng Temple, and the painting by Huang Gongwang of the Yuan Dynasty of this museum are national treasures. The most distinctive features in this museum are the bronze wares of Yunnan culture, the Buddhist relics of Nanzhao and Dali states and the charming and graceful cultural relics of ethnic groups of modern times.
Known as the symbol of Kunming, the memorial archways were built during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) with a history of about 400 years. With a height of 12 meters and width of 18 meters, the memorial archways decorated with colorful drawings look elegant and magnificent. There are bars and other public places of entertainment around the Memorial Archways.
The memorial archway stands in the center of Kunming City, looking like the three legs of the tripod together with Jinma Memorial Archway and Biji Memorial Archway. The ancient memorial archways and modern parks set each other off, forming a pleasant contrast.
Built during the Nanzhao period (649-902) of the Tang Dynasty, Yuantong Temple is the largest temple in Kunming and one of the earliest Guanyin (Avalokitesvara) temples in China. The main buildings of the temple are Yuantong Hall (Mahavira Hall), Bronze Buddha Hall and Mizong (Esoteric Sect) Hall. It is distinctive that the Han Buddhism, Nan Buddhism and Tibetan Buddhism coexist in this temple. Buddhist statues of the Yuan Dynasty (1206-1368) and two high pillars each engraved with a dragon – one yellow and one green of the Ming Dynasty are in Yuantong Hall.
The temple, 10 kilometers northwest of Kunming, was built in the Yuan Dynasty. Passing the hall and stone stairs you will see Dabei Pavilion. The sheer precipices and overhanging rocks are in front of the pavilion, a really gorgeous scene.
The temple was built during the Song Dynasty (960-1279) and the Yuan Dynasty on Yu’an Mountain, 12 kilometers northwest of Kunming. The beautiful Yu’an Mountain meanders more than 5 kilometers with green forest, deep gullies and flowing spring water and is a holy land of Buddhism in Kunming. The distinctive feature of the temple is the colored sculptures of the 500 Arhats of the Qing Dynasty. The artists did not follow the traditional and identical pattern in their work but adopted the artistic skill of combining realism and romanticism. With high artistic value, they are regarded as “gems in the treasure house of Oriental sculpture”.
Panlong Temple was built in the Yuan Dynasty. Located at Mount Panlong close to the east bank of Dianchi Lake, it is about 40 kilometers to Kunming City and is one of the three holy lands of Buddhism of Yunnan. Panlong Fair is held every year which attracts a lot of people.
Located at 8 kilometers southeast suburbs of Kunming, it is one of the famous historical towns in Kunming and also one of the birthplaces of Dian culture. The less than 1.5 square kilometers area contains 5 hills, 6 temples, 7 pavilions and 8 shrines, built during the Tang (618-907), Song (960-1279), Yuan (1206-1368), Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1616-1911) dynasties.
Jingang Tower in Guandu Town
Built in the Ming Dynasty in Guandu Town, the tower consists of three parts: the base, body and top. The base, with a shape of square, was made of bricks. There are 5 towers on the base with the main one in the middle, a height of 14.5 meters and 4 small ones at the four corners. Its shape is similar with that of the White Pagoda in Beihai Park in Beijing. There is a relief sculpture of a warrior on each of the four sides of the base, and vivid peacocks, human-face and bird-body animals, elephants, Chinese unicorns and so on were also carved on four sides of the base.
In memory of Zheng He (1371-1433), the famous navigator of the Ming Dynasty, the park was built in the birth place of Zheng He, Kunyang Town which is 67 kilometers from Kunming. Navigating relief sculptures of Zheng He are carved on both sides of the entrance of the park and inside the park are a memorial pavilion for Zheng He and a 1.6 meters high stele for his father.
The tower, located at southern section of Dongsi Street of Kunming, was built during Nanzhao period (649-902) of the Tang Dynasty. The tower in a shape of square has 13 stories with a height of 40.5 meters and religious scriptures in Chinese and Sanskrit were carved on the bricks. The original style of the tower is still retained today.