Beihai, which borders Beibu Bay, is a famous seaside city in Guangxi, as well as a rising tourism city. Beihai is 630 kilometers from Guillin, and linked with Guilin by expressway and railways.
As early as 2,000 years ago, Beihai became one of the two starting ports of China’s famous “Maritime Silk Road”. In the second half of the 19th century, Beihai was a trading port open to the foreign countries. Britain, Germany, France, Italy, Portugal, the United States, Belgium and other western countries set up their consulates and commercial agencies in Beihai. A great number of European-style buildings were built up, such as churches, hospitals, customhouses, banks convents, orphanages and schools, of which 15 have been well preserved. They are one-or two-story buildings, with sloping roofs. The fireplaces, doors and windows are in the arched shape. All these old-style buildings are concentrated in a place, forming an unusual historical site of Beihai.
Embraced by the sea in its south, north and west sides, Beihai boasts many scenic spots, such as Silver Beach, Weizhou Island, Xingdao Lake, Beihai Underwater World and Ocean Window, and so on.
Beihai Silver Beach
Beihai Silver Beach lies in the south of Beihai City, 10 kilometers (about 6 miles) away from city center. For thousands of years, fine quartz sand has been accumulating on the beach and it shines like silver under the sun, hence the name Silver Beach.
Beihai Silver Beach is known as “the Leading Beach in China” because of its long beaches, white sands, clear water and soft waves. The beach stretches 24 kilometers (about 15 miles) from west to east with a width between 3 and 3,000 meters (3-3,281 yards). With an average annual temperature of about 22.6 degrees centigrade, it is an ideal bathing beach and a marine sports ground with abundant negative oxygen ions and fresh air.
The beach is opened to the public free. It consists of three sections: Beihai Silver Beach Park, Beihai Beach Park and Hengli Ocean Sports and Entertainment Center. Tourist items in the silvery beach include bathing beaches, motorboats on the sea or on beaches, beach volleyball, etc.
Beihai Weizhou Island
Beihai has two coastal islands, namely, Weizhou Island and Xieyang Island. Formed from the piling up of lava from successive volcanic eruptions, Weizhou Island is the biggest and the youngest volcanic island of China and the biggest island of Guangxi Autonomous Region, with an area of 25 square kilometers (9.7 square miles). Meanwhile, Weizhou is one of China’s most beautiful islands. It has a wealth of unspoiled natural scenery, such as volcanic lava and a magnificent crater, coral reefs and various species of unusual vegetation.
With an area of 1.9 kilometers, the Xieyang Island is 4.5 kilometers from the Weizhou Island. It is where the spectacular view of sun setting can be seen, hence the name Xieyang Island.
Beihai Xingdao Lake
Located in the Hongchaojiang Reservoir, 50 km away from the downtown of Beihai, Xingdao Lake is famous for its 1026 big and small islands, looking like stars scattered in the blue lake, hence the name Xingdao (Star Island) Lake. The scenery is charming; meanwhile, the climate here is very comfortable.
Beihai Underwater World
Located on Chating Road in Beihai, the Beihai Underwater World has two districts: A district is the former Aquatic Products Museum which is considered as one of the earliest and largest aquatic products museum housing most fresh-water fish; B district is the biggest submarine sightseeing in the southwestern area of China.
Beihai Ocean Window
Situated on South Sichuan Road, Beihai, Ocean Window has a floor space of 18,100 square meters. There are 16 theme parks, including Mysterious Sea, Time Tunnel, Coral Sea and Seashell Culture. It shows the sea landscape by using sound, light, electricity and other high technology.