Memorial Ceremony to Ancestor in Yellow Emperor’s Native Place (Yanhuang Culture and Tourism Festival)
Time: on the third day of the third lunar month every year
Venue: Xinzheng, Zhengzhou
What’s On: Dating back their civilized history to 5,000 years ago, the Chinese are known as the descendents of Yanhuang (descendents of Yan Emperor and Yellow Emperor). Both Yandi (Yan Emperor) and Huangdi (Yellow Emperor) were tribal chiefs in their time. With their combined forces, they defeated Chiyou, another tribal leader and Huangdi united China after 52 battles. All Chinese, despite their nationalities, regard Huangdi as their ancestor. Huangdi, the initiator of Chinese civilization, was hence worshipped by his descendents.
The Yanhuang Culture and Tourism Festival was launched in 1992, focusing on seeking the roots and worshipping the ancestors. And the festival was upgraded to the Memorial Ceremony to Ancestor in Yellow Emperor’s Native Place in 2006. Every year on March 3 of the lunar calendar, the day when the first emperor in China established the first nation in Chinese history, people of Chinese origin from home and abroad gather in Xinzheng, the birthplace of the Yellow Emperor, to offer sacrifices and worship this legendary ancestor of the Chinese nation.
Luoyang Peony Culture Festival
Time: from April 8 to May 8
What’s On: The Peony Culture Festival is the largest annual festival of Luoyang, which integrates tourism, economy, trade, scientific and technological exchanges, culture, art and sports. More than 30 such fairs have been held since 1983. Every year, it attracts more than three million visitors. Now Luoyang is becoming more and more famous because of peonies.
Kaifeng Chrysanthemum Fair
Time: from October 25 to November 25
What’s On: During the Chrysanthemum Fair, you can appreciate chrysanthemum in full bloom, watch cultural and folklore performances and take part in economic and trade activities.
Heluo Culture Festival
Time: from September 27 to October 27 every year
What’s On: The Heluo Culture Festival is a comprehensive tourism festival, aiming to promote Heluo culture and inherit Heluo civilization. During the festival, various activities will be held, such as Guanlin International Worship Festival, Funiu Mountain Red Leaf Festival, Luoyang Delicacy Festival, fair of local products from the mountainous area in western Henan, Xin’an Yellow River Longtan Canyon Rock Climbing Competition, Exhibition of Rare Rocks from the Yellow River, and Peony Exhibition, etc.
Jiaozuo International Taijiquan Exchange Competition
Time: in August once every two years
What’s On: The Jiaozuo International Taijiquan Exchange Competition, started from 1992, is held in August once every two years. Jiaozuo International Taijiquan Exchange Competition has played an important role in promoting Taijiquan around the world and expanding its influence domestically and internationally.
Yinshang Culture and Tourism Festival
Time: from September to October every year
What’s On: The China Anyang Yinshang Culture and Tourism Festival, held from September to October every year, is a large comprehensive festival integrating culture, tourism, economy and trade. It includes the Folk Art Tour, the International Symposium on Zhou Yi (I Ching or Book of Changes), the International Yinshang Culture Academic Symposium, the exhibitions of fine arts, photos and calligraphic works, etc.
Sanmenxia International Yellow River Tourism Festival
Time: from April 20 to April 25
What’s On: First Launched in 1992, the Sanmenxia International Yellow River Tourism Festival is held once a year. With the broad and profound Yellow River culture as the theme, the festival has initiated a number of romantic and fantastic tours, such as the Yellow River Tour, Tour of Looking for the Roots and Paying Homage to Ancestor, Yellow River Folklore Tour, Tour of Guo State’s Culture and Tour of Patio and Kiln Houses in West Henan. During the festival, many activities will also be held, such as the Exhibition of High-quality Cultural Relics Unearthed in Sanmenxia, the Sales Exhibition of Famous and Special Products of Sanmenxia, the Presentation of the Foreign Economic Cooperative Projects of Sanmenxia, and other symposiums and business talks.
Ancient Temple Fair in Xunxian County
Time: The temple fair is held in the first lunar month and the eighth lunar month every year (the first one is from the first day of the first lunar month to the second day of the second lunar month)
What’s On: The Ancient Temple Fair in Xunxian County in the first lunar month, which originated from the late Zhao Dynasty of the Southern and Northern Dynasties (420-859), shows the integration of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism. For instance, the monks and Taoists take turns to be in charge of the temple fair and handle relevant affairs, and the Taoist services and Buddhist rites are held simultaneously. The rich and varied temple fair culture features the melodious Buddhist and Taoist music, the mysterious religious paintings, the religious lectures on advising people to do good deeds, the large village festive activities and folk handicrafts.
Taihao Mausoleum Temple Fair
Time: second day of the second lunar month to the third day of the third lunar month
Venue: Huaiyang County, Zhoukou City
What’s On: From the second day of the second lunar month to the third day of the third lunar month every year, people in the areas near Huaiyang gather at the Taihao Mausoleum to worship Fu Xi, founder of the Chinese nation. Covering over 36 hectares, the Taihao Mausoleum of Fu Xi is admired for its huge scale and splendid buildings. In the area of Central China, there is no other temple fair which can rival Taihao Mausoleum Temple Fair in its overwhelming influence and long duration.
Mount Yao Red Leaf Festival
Time: from October 9 to October 15 every year
Venue: Mount Yao in Pingdingshan
What’s On: Mount Yao, formerly Mount Shiren, is located in west of Pingdingshan, Henan Province. Initiated in 1996, the Mount Yao Red Leaf Festival is held from October 9 to October 15 every year, when the mountain is covered with red leaves, presenting a fascinating view. During the festival, the fair of local products from the mountainous areas will be held, which attracts a great number of domestic and foreign businesspeople every year.
Memorial Activity Marking Laozi’s Birthday
Time: the 25th day of the 2nd lunar month (the birthday of Laozi) every year
Venue: Hangu Pass, Sanmenxia
What’s On: The activity is held at the Taichusheng Palace in Lingbao Temple where Laozi, founder of Taoism, wrote Tao Te Ching or Classic of the Way and Virtue. The Lingbao Temple is a holy land of Taoism well-known both at home and abroad. The memorial activity attracts numerous domestic and foreign tourists and Taoist inspection groups from all over the world every year.