The China Three Gorges Museum in Chongqing is well known for its dedication to the protection, study and display of the historical and cultural heritages in Chongqing and the Three Gorges area. The predecessor of the museum is the Chongqing Museum.
The Three Gorges Museum, opened in 2005, is located in downtown Chongqing, opposite to the Chongqing People’s Assembly Hall (or Great Hall of the People in Chongqing). Between the Great Hall and the museum is the 40,000-sqare-meter People’s Square. The main structure of the museum is gorgeous and magnificent with profound connotations. The exterior has cambered walls and vitreous dome, representing the historical culture of Three Gorges project and its origins.
The Three Gorges Museum is not only a specified museum of Three Gorges but also a comprehensive museum of history and art. Over 170,000 pieces of cultural relics collected by the Chongqing Museum and a large amount of cultural materials coming from the Three Gorges are exhibited in the museum. With a 23,000-square-meter exhibition area, the museum has four major exhibition halls for the basic exhibitions: including the Hall of Splendid Three Gorges, the Hall of Ancient Ba-Yu Culture, the Hall of Urban Development of Chongqing and the Hall of Anti-Japanese Days.
The Exhibition of Splendid Three Gorges showcases the history and culture of the Three Gorges. Here, you can enjoy the beautiful landscape and lofty sentiment of the Three Gorges, its dam project, migration and the efforts to protect the relics.
The sculpture in the Hall of Splendid Three Gorges shows how the people tracked the boat on the cliff and shoal. A big boat needs 50 to 60 trackers while a small one, 20 to 30. When there are difficult places, a boat may need over 100 boat trackers.
The Exhibition of Ancient Ba-Yu Culture focuses the source of regional culture. In China’s history, the ethic groups in this region created the unique Ba-Yu culture. In this hall, you can enjoy the willow-shaped sword, mysterious picture language, simple salt refiner, boat coffin and other thousands of precious relics.
The Exhibition of Urban Development highlights the changes that have taken place in the city.
And the Exhibition of Anti-Japanese Days tells Chongqing’s story during the War of Resistance Against Japan. You can revisit the scenes of Chongqing during the Second Sino-Japanese War, when Chongqing was served as the wartime capital and suffered from bombing over a number of years.
Besides the basic exhibitions, you can also enjoy other six themed exhibitions related to more traditional Chinese culture. These include: “Paintings and Calligraphies in Different Historical Periods”, “Currencies Through the Ages”, “Porcelains of Various Dynasties”, “Sculptures of the Han Dynasty”, “Folk Customs of the Ethnic Minorities in Southwest China”, and “Cultural Relics Donated by Mr. Li Chuli”.
Furthermore, a circular-screen movie of Three Gorges, lasting for about 22 minutes, shows the natural scenery and daily life of the Three Gorges area before the construction of Three Gorges Dam.
You can take photographs in the museum, no flash allowed.
Both English audio guide and English-speaking guide are available.
Address: No. 236, Renmin Road, Yuzhong District, Chongqing.
Opening Hours: 9:00 – 17:00 (No entry after 16:00), closed on Monday.
Getting there: You can take CRT Line 2 to Zēngjiāyán Station, exit A.