Chengdu, called “Rong” for short, is the capital of Sichuan Province. Chengdu is the communication junction of Southwest China and also the gateway to Tibet; the transport in and around it is fast, easy and efficient.
Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport is one of the top four airports in China. By 2103, it has scheduled flights to 102 cities in China by 2013, including the major cities like Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Zhuhai, Qingdao, Nanjing, Hangzhou, Zhangjiajie, Xi’an, Xiamen, Guilin, Sanya, Haikou, Kunming, Xishuangbanna, Xining and Lhasa; and flights to 58 international and interregional destinations, including Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwai, Bangkok, Singapore, Tokyo, London, Melbourne and Frankfurt. There are several flights leaving the airport for Sichuan’s Jiuzhaigouhuanglong Airport (called Jiuhuang Airport for short), which serves the northern tourist destinations of Jiuzhaigou and Huanglong.
The Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport, which is located in the suburbs of Chengdu, about 20 km (12 miles) from the city center, is connected with the urban district via expressway. It takes around 30 minutes’ drive from the downtown to the airport.
Chengdu is the biggest hub of railway network of southwest China, with railway lines of Baoji-Chengdu, Chengdu-Kunming, Chengdu-Chongqing and Chengdu-Dazhou, reaching cities like Beijing, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Xi’an, Kunming and Chongqing, etc. The express train between Chengdu and Haikou is also available. And trains leave daily for Yibin, Zigong and Emei Town within Sichuan.
At the moment, there are three railway stations in Chengdu: the Chengdu Railway Station (the North Railway Station), Chengdu East Railway Station, and Chengdu South Railway, with the Chengdu Railway Station ass the main station. The Chengdu West Railway Station is under construction and will be put into use in Dec. 2014.
Chengdu highway network covers a large area of China, including highways of Sichuan-Tibet, Sichuan-Yunnan, Sichuan-Shanxi, Sichuan-Gansu, Sichuan-Guizhou, and Chengdu-Chongqing, Chengdu-Shanghai.
Buses are however the most popular form of intra-province transport. Fast and smooth expressways now head to the top tourist destinations around the city and make daytrips to the sights such as Mount Emei and Dujiangyan Irrigation System extremely easy. Chengdu has several bus stations but the vast majority of tourist destinations are served by buses leaving the Xinnanmen Bus Station (New South Gate Bus Station). Buses to northern destinations generally leave from Chadianzi Bus Station, where there are daily buses to Jiuzhaigou, Songpan and a daily departure to Wolong National Nature Reserve.
There are more than 80 routes of public buses and minibuses to urban and rural areas of Chengdu. Taxis are plenty in Chengdu. And they are clean and reasonably priced, with a flag-down rate of 8-9 yuan at daytime (06:00-23:00).
Chengdu Subway Line 1 opened in September 2010. This phase is entirely below ground, and is western China’s first metro. The line runs from north to south between Shenxian Lake and Century City, passing through the Wenshu Temple, Chengdu North Railway Station, Tianfu Square (the center of Chengdu) and Chengdu South Railway Stations. Subway Line 2 is a crosstown northwest-southeast trunk route. It provides rapid transit to Chengdu East Railway Station. The logo of Chengdu Metro looks very modern.