Jade Buddha Temple
The Jade Buddha Temple was founded in the Guangxu years (1875-1908) of the Qing Dynasty, rebuilt in 1918 and completed in 1928. Built after the systems in the style of Song Dynasty, its main buildings include the Hall of Heavenly Kings, the Hall of Grand Buddha, the Jade Buddha Chamber, the Abbot’s Room, the Hall of Reclining Buddha, and so on.
The Jade Buddha Temple, enjoying the title of “City Jungle”, is famous at home and abroad for two jade Buddha statues imported to Shanghai from Burma in 1882. In the Jade Buddha Chamber, a seated Jade Buddha is enshrined, which is 1.95 meters high. It is a sculpture carved from one whole piece of white jade, which is crystal clear and solemnly looked. The other 0.96-meter-long jade statue of Sakyamuni in nirvana is worshipped in the Hall of Reclining Buddha, with a carefree expression and vivid posture. The temple now also contains a much larger reclining Buddha in the Hall of Reclining Buddha, which is made of marble and donated from Singapore, and you may mistake this larger sculpture for the original smaller piece.
Located at Longhua Town of Xuhui District, Longhua Temple boasts the longest Buddhist tradition among Shanghai’s holy sites. It is said to be built during the period of Chiwu of East Wu of the Three Kingdoms era. The 194-meter-long central axial line strings out the buildings including the Hall of the Maitreya, the Hall of Heavenly Kings, the Hall of Grand Buddha, the Hall of Three Saints, and Abbot’s Room. Each of these quaint and elegant buildings is distinctive to the eyes but of the same style. The Longhua Tower is located in front of the temple, which is 40.65 meters high and has a very beautiful design. A bronze bell is hung in the Bell Tower, 2 meters in height and 6,500 kg in weight, which is entitled “Longhua Evening Bell”. The “Longhua Bell Toll to Greet the New Year” ceremony is held every New Year’s Eve, when you can take the strikes for a peaceful future.
Located at West Nanjing Road, Jing’an Temple is a famous Buddhist temple in Shanghai, and it belongs to the Mi Sect of the Buddhist disciplines. It is said to be founded in the 10th year (247) of Chiwu of East Wu of the Three Kingdoms. The temple consists of the Temple Gate, the Hall of Heavenly Kings, the Hall of Grand Buddha, the Hall of Three Saints, and Abbot’s Room. After a decade of construction, the landmark building of the temple – “Zhengfajiuzhu Sutra Hall” was completed in 2007 on the east side of the front gate of the temple. Statues of Southern and Northern Dynasties, stone tablet with inscription by Guangzong, the 12th emperor of Dynasty, and big bronze bells from the 2nd year (1369) of Hongwu period of the Ming Dynasty are kept in the temple.
Located in Zhenru Town of Putuo District, Zhenru Temple was founded in the 7th year (1320) in the Yuan Dynasty, with its name meaning “real and as usual” in Buddhism. Its main structures, including beams, columns, piles and bracket set, are all remains of Yuan Dynasty. The founding date was recorded under the architrave. The jade statue of Sakyamuni Buddha was enshrined in the middle, and pictures of sixteen arhats by Guan Xiu, artist of the Five Dynasties, are hung on both sides of the walls. Statue of reclining Buddha is enshrined in East Wing; the West Wing is Yansheng Hall; and the jade statue of Medicine Buddha is consecrated in the middle.
Located at No. 29, Chenxiangge Road, Huangpu District, Chenxiangge Temple is a distinctive Bhiksuni temple, with about 20 Bhikunis. Founded in the Wanli years (1573-1620) of the Ming Dynasty, it is famous for the story that Pan Yunduan, the original owner of the Yuyuan Garden, got eaglewood sculpture of Goddess of Mercy on the surface of Huaihe River, and he carried it back to Shanghai and built a pavilion to worship it. With an area of 2,378 square meters, its main buildings include Pailou (the decorated archway), the Hall of Heavenly Kings, the Hall of Grand Buddha, the Pavilion of Great Mercy, Memorial Hall of Yingci Master, and so on.