Brief Introduction to Xinjiang

Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in Northwest China is a place full of fantasy. A saying goes, “You won’t know how large China is if you haven’t been to Xinjiang”. Xinjiang takes up one sixth of China’s total area, 16 times as large as Zhejiang Province, making it the largest of China’s regions and provinces.

Kanas Lake

The topography of Xinjiang features three mountain ranges and two basins: the Altai Mountains in the north, the Tianshan Mountains running through the middle of the region from east to west, the Kunlun Mountains in the south, Dzungarian Basin and Tarim Basin between the three mountain ranges.


In Xinjiang there are glaciers, snow-capped mountains, immense deserts, dense forests, lush grasslands, lakes, wetlands and the fantastic Yadan landform unique to Xinjiang. You can find almost all kinds of natural scenery in this region. People who have lived in the cities for too long will feel their visions broadened when they see the beauty of the great nature in Xinjiang.


Xinjiang boasts a long history. The Old Silk Road traversed through this region in ancient times. The region has remained an important passageway linking the East with the West. It has preserved countless historical sites. Many beautiful stories are told about this region.


The local population is composed of many ethnic groups, among which are thirteen ethnic groups with a comparatively large population, namely, the Uygur, Han, Kazakh, Mongolian, Hui, Kirgis, Tajik, Xibo, Uzbek, Manchurian, Daur, Tatar and Russian. The Uygurs are the largest ethnic group, accounting for 47 percent of the total population of Xinjiang. The local folklore is rich and colorful thanks to the different cultural backgrounds, customs, festivals, celebrations and living habits of the various ethnic groups.

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