Jiangxi Province is located in the southeastern part of China, south of the Yangtze River on the middle-lower reaches, with Zhejiang and Fujian provinces to its east and Guangdong to its south. The province is surrounded by mountains to the south, west and east, and the Gan River flows from south to north, emptying into Poyang Lake before joining the Yangtze River. Its strategic importance as the cornerstone of southern China has been appreciated fro generations as it connects the coastal regions with the Yangtze River valley.
Jiangxi Province is rich in tourist resources. They fall into three major categories: Revolutionary sites, natural scenic spots and historical sites. Nanchang, the capital of Jiangxi, is the birthplace of the People’s Liberation Army. The Jinggang Mountain is the cradle of revolution. Ruijin is once the seat of the first Soviet government established by Communist-led forces. Pingxiang is the source of workers’ movement. Jiangxi Province plays an important role in the founding of the People’s Republic of China.
Jiangxi boasts many places of interest, such as: Lushan Mountain – a world-renowned cultural heritage and a popular summer resort with breathtaking scenery (It is full of sheer peaks and precipices, changeable clouds and fogs, silver springs and flying waterfalls.), Sanqing Mountain (literally meaning Three Purities Mountain) – a world natural heritage (It is a wonderland of unique peaks, streams, lush forest and precious wild species, veiled in mist all year round), Poyang Lake – the largest freshwater lake in China and a paradise of rare birds, Wuyuan – the most beautiful rural area in China, Jingdezhen – the 1,000-year-old Porcelain Capital of China (As thin as paper, as white as jade, as bright as a mirror and as sound as a bell – this is the motto of Jingdezhen’s porcelain), the Taoist ancestral temple on Longhu Mountain (Dragon and Tiger Mountain), the Pavilion of Prince Teng – one of the three most famous ancient pavilions south of the Yangtze River.
With Nanchang as the transportation hub of the province, Jiangxi has built a well-developed travel transportation network with railways, highways, waterways and air transport supplementing each other and radiating to all directions. The transport facilities enable you to visit the porcelain capital of Jingdezhen and enjoy the sunrise at Poyang Lake in the morning, savor the famous Site liquor while touring the Ganjiang River at lunch, and appreciate the customs of the Hakka people living in southern Jiangxi.
The railway is an important means to travel around Jiangxi. In recent years the province has accelerated railway construction. In addition to the main trunk lines of the Beijing – Kowloon Railway, Hangzhou – Zhuzhou Railway, Yingtan – Xiamen Railway, Wuhu – Yingtan Railway, Wuhan – Jiujiang Railway and Hengfeng – Nanping Railway, the Jinggangshan Railway and Tongling – Jiujiang Railway have been constructed in succession.
A highway network with Nanchang as the center, the national and provincial highways as the trunk lines and prefecture, county and township roads as supplementary lines has taken its shape. It includes the National roads No. 105 from Beijing to Zhuhai, No. 320 from Shanghai to Kunming, and No. 316 from Fuzhou to Lanzhou. The Nanchang Long-distance Bus Station serves long-distance routes to Nanjing, Shenzhen, Hefei and other cities. Once in Nanchang, regional transportation is plentiful.
There are several large airports in Jiangxi Province: the Changbei International Airport in Nanchang, the Luojia Airport in Jingdezhen, the Jinggangshan Airport, the Huangjin Airport in Ganzhou and Lushan Airport in Jiujiang.
Lying near the Tropic of Cancer, Jiangxi has long, hot summers with lots of rain from March to August. Winters are mild and occasionally in the mountains there will be snow. The annual mean temperature is between 16 ℃ and 20 ℃.