Fujian Province, with Fuzhou as its provincial capital, lies in Southeast China with Taiwan to its east across the Taiwan Straits, Zhejiang Province to its northeast, Jiangxi Province to its northwest and Guangdong Province to its southwest. Fujian boasts the largest coverage of forests among all the provinces in China, and its forest coverage rate is as high as 62.9 percent.
Fujian is called “Min” in short. An ancient book entitled Classic Mountains and Seas says “Min is in the sea”. It means in ancient times the area of present Fujian Province was immerged in sea waster. A bird’s-eye view shows two outstanding geographical features in the province: one is its long coastline which runs over 3,752 kilometers; the other is its mountains.
There are many mountains within its boundaries. The mountains in Fujian Province are not famous for their height or magnitude but for their exquisite forms and poetic charm. The most celebrated representative is Wuyi Mountain, a world cultural and natural heritage. Wuyi Mountain, known as the “Blessed Mountain”, features the typical danxia landform which is described as “red mountain and emerald waters in Southwest China”. Steams flow down the cloud-shrouded ravines flanked by grotesque peaks. The sight is extremely marvelous.
Fujian Province has many large harbors along the seacoast. It has been an important collecting and distributing center of commodities in history. The ports in Fuzhou and Xiamen were once among the five largest open ports in China. Quanzhou was once the largest trading port in the world in ancient times. The famous Marine Silk Road began in Fujian Province. Along the ancient sea route, Chinese culture was introduced to the outside world.
Toward the end of the Tang Dynasty (618-907), many people fled the war on the Central Plain to take refuge in Fujian Province. They became known as the Hakka people. Many of them later moved to other countries. More than 10.88 million overseas Chinese and 80 percent of the residents in Taiwan can trace their roots to Fujiang Province. The culture of the Hakka people became an important part of the local civilization that had grown deep in the mountains in Fujian.
Numerous spots of interest can be found in Fujian Province, such as the fairyland-like Wuyi Mountain, the romantic car-free Gulangyu Island (Gulang Islet), the holy Mazu Temple which attracts lots of pilgrims, the unique crimson rock formations on water, the charming Hui’an women, the castle-like earth buildings of the Hakka people, the site of the Gutian meeting the Chinese communist-led army held on its Long March, the ancient Tanshi Mountain Culture, the mysterious scenery of the White Water Lake and the seaside volcanoes, which are the ten tourist attractions in Fujian. Tourists to Fujian can feast their eyes on the picturesque scenery in the province.
Fujian Province is a paradise for gourmets. Fujian Cuisine is one of the famous local schools of Chinese cuisine. The most famous dish is called “Buddha Jumping over the Wall”, which is a representative dish of Fujian Cuisine. Local seafood and snacks are equally tempting. Dahongpao (Grand Red Robe) tea of Wuyi Mountain and Tieguanyin tea of Anxi are well known both at home and abroad because of their high quality.
The unique geographical features and the warm and humid maritime monsoon climate are the cause of the plural personalities of the Fujian inhabitants, a particular culture and tourist resource with strong local characteristics. Traveling in Fujian, you will feel you are in the embrace of the sea and mountains.