Open to traffic at the end of 1991, Nanpu Bridge is the first bridge ever crossing the Huangpu River within the urban district of Shanghai and was once the world’s third longest cable-stayed bridge with twin towers and double central cable planes. The overall length of Nanpu Bridge is 8,346m, and the main bridge is 846m long with a main span length of 423m. Spiraling into three circles from top to bottom, the approach bridge on the west bank of the river, with a length of 3,754m, connects the elevated inner-ring highway, South Zhongshan Road and Lujiabin Road. Two H-shaped main towers, each of 150m high, are set up on both banks, with 22 pairs of steel cables being arranged in fan pattern and to support main girders. By elevator, you can reach the 50-meter-high bridge deck within 30 seconds for sightseeing.
Yangpu Bridge is located to the north of Suzhou River and in the lower reaches of Huangpu River. Completed in 1993, Yangpu Bridge has a total length of 7,658m, and the main bridge is 1,172m long. Its longest span of 602 m makes it one of the longest cable-stayed bridges in the world. The bridge was originally unpainted; it was coated with red paint for the millennium. The two 208-meter-high upside-down Y-shaped towers on the Yangpu Bridge are especially attractive. On both sides of each main tower, 32 pairs of cables are neatly arranged. The longest steel cable is 328m long, weighing 37 tons. There are two 2-meter-wide sightseeing sidewalks on both sides of the river.
Yangpu Bridge was the second cable-stayed bridge with double-tower, double-cable-plane and overlapped-beam, which was designed and constructed independently by China after the Nanpu Bridge. Yangpu Bridge and Nanpu Bridge together are hailed as Sister Bridges. With the Oriental Pearl TV Tower between the two bridges, there forms the splendid scene of “Two Dragons Playing with the Pearl”.
Lupu Bridge is a through arch bridge over the Huangpu River in Shanghai, connecting the city’s Luwan and Pudong districts. Open in 2003, Lupu Bridge has a total length of 3,900m, and its main bridge is 750m long with a main span length of 550m. With a reputation of “the World’s Longest Arch”, the Lupu Bridge, like Sidney Harbor Bridge, is an ideal tourist attraction. Being 110m above the river, the sightseeing platform set up on top of its arch rib is the highest sightseeing point on the Huangpu River. If weather permits, you can spot the Nanpu Bridge and the “three skyscrapers” in Lujiazui. Tomorrow Square, which is close to the People’s Square, is also within sight. At the foot of the bridge is located the compound of Enterprise Pavilions for the 2010 Expo. Before the event, Jiangnan Shipyard, restructured from Jiangnan Machinery Manufacture Bureau established by Li Hongzhang, was relocated from here to Chongqming.
Open to traffic in 1997, Xupu Bridge is a composite cable-stayed bridge with twin towers and double cable planes. The main bridge is 1,072 meters long, and the approach bridges span 4,630 meters long. Its A-shaped towers, with a height of 217m, are very eye-catching. Connecting to Longwu Road in Puxi and Yanggao Road in Pudong, Xupu Bridge is the key place to cross the river from the outer ring as well as the most efficient and convenient route between Hongqiao Airport and Pudong International Airport.
Open to traffic in 2010, Minpu Bridge is 3,982,7m in length. The main bridge is 1,212m, with a main span of 708m. Its distinctive H-shaped towers are 214.5m tall. Mingpu Bridge is a double-decker cable-stayed bridge over the Huangpu River and it is most impressive for its “double-decked” structure. With its upper deck being S32 Highway connecting Shanghai, Jiaxing and Huzhou, and lower deck being local roads linking Minhang and Pudong, the bridge likes a floating octopus, with its tentacles holding S32 Highway, the Pudong International Airport, and the highway network of Zhejiang Province.
Minpu Bridge (No.2)
The dream of connecting Minhang and Fengxian with a river-crossing highway was realized when the Second Minpu Bridge was completed. Shortly after the 2010 World Expo Shanghai was opened, the bridge was clear to traffic. It is the first double-decked cable-stayed bridge over the Huangpu River that accommodates both motor vehicle traffic and rail lines.
Before Fengpu Bridge was built, the major mode of transportation between Fengxian and the north shore of Huangpu River was ferry. As vehicle traffic soared over time, the ferry terminal became increasingly crowded, therefore necessitating a new bridge. Open to traffic in 1995, Fengpu Bridge was the first prestressed concrete continuous beam bridge on Huangpu River. The overall length of Fengpu Bridge is 2,201.8m, and the main bridge is 545.3m long.
Songpu Bridge, which was opened to traffic in 1976, is the first bridge across the Huangpu River as well as the only double-deck bridge for highway and railway over the Huangpu River in Shanghai, and it is still in use. Because it is old and has only one rail track, a new bridge was built about 25 meters away from the old bridge to relieve pressure of heavy traffic.
Songpu Bridge (No. 2)
For motor vehicles only, the double-decked bridge features a continuous-girder structure. Being part of A5 Highway, the bridge closed its two sections during construction at the end of 2005 and was open to traffic together with A5 in 2006.
Songpu Bridge (No. 3)
The Third Songpu Bridge is a major junction joining Songjiang District and Jinshan District. The main bridge was constructed with the technique of suspending pouring with three pairs of hanging baskets.