Beijing is well served by transport facilities. With many scheduled flights going back and forth between Beijing and all the other major cities in China and foreign countries regularly, the railways reaching all the provinces in the mainland of China, the subways, public buses, taxis and other means of transportation, you will find it is very convenient to travel in Beijing.
Beijing Capital International Airport is one of the three major international airports in China (The other two are in Guangzhou and Shanghai). Domestic air routes reach all the provinces, municipalities directly under the central government and autonomous regions in China, as well as Hongkong, Taipei and Macao. Scheduled flights go from Beijing to 55 local cities in China, such as Dalian, Shenzhen, Xiamen, Qingdao, Guilin, and so on; and to some 50 international cities in more than 30 countries and regions. Beijing Capital Int’l Airport is about 28 kilometers from the city center. It takes about 30 minutes from the city center to the airport by car. Airport Express Railway is also available at Dongzhimen Station (ticket price: 25yuan). It cost about 100 yuan to go to the airport by taxi.
Beijing has four railway stations, namely Beijing Railway Station, Beijing West Railway Station, Beijing South Railway Station and Beijing North Railway Station, of which the Beijing South Railway Station is the largest passenger transport hub in Asia, and it is the departure station of the trains of the dedicated lines for passenger transport such as Beijing-Shanghai High-speed Railway, bullet trains and Beijing-Shanghai inter-city trains. Railways linking Beijing with 31 provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the central government as well as Hongkong include the Beijing-Guangzhou Railway, Beijing-Kowloon Railway, Beijing-Shanghai Railway, Beijing-Baotou Railway and Datong-Qinhuangdao Railway and so on. The national computer network has been established for travelers to book tickets about 10 days ahead of time through ticket offices, telephone or online.
Beijing has advance urban transport facilities including public buses that radiate to all directions, the subways that are quick and punctual, taxis that are convenient, and bicycles and pedicabs for touring hutongs and lanes.
Public traffic system is extremely developed in Beijing, with buses shuttling between various residential quarters and between market places available. And there are also buses heading for the suburbs as well as night buses.
Beijing is served by some 67,000 taxi cabs. The taxi service is charged at a rate of 10 yuan in the first 3 km and then 2 yuan for every km of the trip. And fuel surcharge is 3 yuan each time if you go further than 3km. After 23:00, a 20 percent surcharge will be collected. When the trip is longer than 15km, a 50 percent expense has to be paid to compensate the possible empty return in the rest of the trip.
The Beijing Subway is a rapid transit rail network that serves the urban and suburban districts of Beijing municipality. The Beijing Subway is the oldest metro system in mainland China. The first line opened in 1969, and the metro network has now grown to 16 lines, namely Line 1, Line 2, Line 4, Line 5, Line 8 (the Olympic branch line), Line 9, Line 10, Line 13, Line 15, Batong Line, Airport Line, Yizhuang Line, Daxing Line, Fangshan Line, Changping Line and S2 Line. Beijing Metro has become the Urban Mass Transit System which provides the lowest-price in the country for its 2 yuan full fare. Airport Line and S2 Line are unbundled lines, the single ticket of the former line costs 25 yuan per person and the latter one costs 6 yuan(5 yuan for only one stop).